5A Una fiesta de cumpleaños

 

Mas Practica/ More practice

Practice Workbook 5A-1/2http://www.pearsonsuccessnet.com/ebook/products/0-13-116326-4/pdf/lb_mp_pw5a-1-2.pdf
Practice Workbook 5A-3/4http://www.pearsonsuccessnet.com/ebook/products/0-13-116325-6/pdf/la_mp_pw1a-3-4.pdf
Practice Workbook 5A-5http://www.pearsonsuccessnet.com/ebook/products/0-13-116326-4/pdf/lb_mp_pw5a-5.pdf
Practice Workbook 5A-6/7http://www.pearsonsuccessnet.com/ebook/products/0-13-116326-4/pdf/lb_mp_pw5a-6-7.pdf
Practice Workbook 5A-7http://www.pearsonsuccessnet.com/ebook/products/0-13-116325-6/pdf/la_mp_pw1a-7.pdf

The verb tener


You have been using the verb tener for several chapters.


¿Tienes sed?


Tengo que hacer ejercicio.


The verb tener is used to show relationship or possession.


  Tengo un hermano mayor.

I have an older brother.

  Tenemos un regalo para Tere.

We have a gift for Tere.

 

Some expressions in Spanish use tener where in English we use “to be.”


  Mi primo tiene dieciséis

  años.

My cousin is sixteen years old.

  Tengo hambre y sed.

I am hungry and thirsty.

 

The letters p, t, and q

 

In English, the consonants p, t, q, and the hard c sound are pronounced with a little puff of air.

 

Hold a tissue loosely in front of your mouth as you say these English words. You will notice that the tissue moves.

pan, papa, too, tea, comb, case, park, take


Now say these Spanish words with the tissue in front of your mouth. Try to say the consonants so that there is no puff of air and the tissue does not move.

pan, papá, tú, tía, cómo, queso, parque, taco


Possessive adjectives


You know that de shows possession or relationship and is the equivalent of -s and -s:

•el regalo de Ana                             •los primos de mis amigos


You use possessive adjectives to tell what belongs to someone or to show relationships. In English, the possessive adjectives are my, your, his, her, its, our, and their.

Here are the possessive adjectives in Spanish:

 

mi(s)                    nuestro(s)   nuestra(s)

tu(s)                        su(s)            su(s)


Like other adjectives, possessive adjectives agree in number with the nouns that follow them. Only nuestro and vuestro have different masculine and feminine endings.

 


mi cámara

nuestro abuelo

nuestra hija

mis cámaras

nuestros abuelos

nuestras hijas

 

Su and sus can have many different meanings: his, her, its, your, or their. To be more specific, you can use de + noun or pronoun.


 

sus flores = las flores de ella

sus regalos = los regalos de Javier y Carlos


Diminutives

In Spanish you can add the suffix -ito(a) to a word to give it the meaning of  “small” or “little.” It can also be used to show affection. Words with this suffix are called diminutives (diminutivos).

 

abuelo abuelito

perros perritos

hermana hermanita

 


 

Now that you know what the suffix -ito(a) means, can you figure out the meanings of these words?

 

       abuelita     gatito     Miguelito     hijita

 

Some very popular names are diminutives. What do you think the diminutives of these names are?

 

      Ana     Juana     Eva     Lola


 

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